A Fellow of the American Physical Society, Dr. Gould served as Chairman of its Division of Plasma Physics in 1974-75. He received the 1994 James Clerk Maxwell Prize for his contributions to plasma physics. He is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. He received a National Science Foundation Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship for study and research at the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (Garching, Germany) and the Culham Laboratory (U.K.) in 1963-64. He has also held visiting positions at General Atomics (1959), the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (1967), and the University of California at San Diego (1987).
Dr. Gould was with the Atomic Energy Commission as its director of the U.S. fusion program between 1970 and 1972. He has served on fusion energy advisory committees of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. He has also served on the editorial boards of the Physics of Fluids and the Reviews of Modern Physics.
With his students and collaborators, Dr. Gould has made numerous contributions to basic plasma physics. He has had a continuing interest in plasma waves and oscillations and has constantly sought areas in which a close connection could be made between experiment and theory. He has contributed to the understanding of beam-plasma interaction, guided plasma waves, compressional Alfven waves, Tonks-Dattner resonances, ion-acoustic waves, cyclotron and plasma-wave echoes, resonance cone phenomena, plasma fluctuations in tokamaks, Bemstein modes, collisionless damping, fluid echos, and thermal fluctuation spectra in pure electron plasmas. Many of these studies involved the first experimental demonstration, first quantitative analysis, or both, of the basic phenomenon.